Unsere Geografieexkursion nach Garzweiler / Our geography excursion to the Garzweiler opencast mine
Unsere Exkursion zum Braunkohle- tagebau Garzweiler der RWE Power fand am Montag dem 25.3.19 statt. Dort wurde uns bei einer Bustour um die Grube erklärt, wie der Abbau der Braunkohle abläuft, worauf geachtet werden muss und was mit der Braunkohle nach dem Abbau passiert.
Nach einer näheren Betrachtung eines riesigen Schaufelbaggers, fuhren wir in die bereits rekultivierten Gebiete, das heißt in das Gebiet, an dem die Grube wieder aufgeschüttet und aufgeforstet worden ist.
Dann war die Führung auch schon vorbei und wir fuhren nach einer kleinen Mittagspause in ein Dorf namens Keyenberg, das dem wandernden Garzweiler weichen muss und daher abgerissen und umgesiedelt werden muss. Die Stadt bzw. die Häuser waren schon sehr verlassen, viele Fenster waren vernagelt oder zerschlagen und es hingen Protestplakate an Häuserwänden. Für uns war es fast schon gruselig durch das Dorf zu gehen.
Nach dieser Besichtigung fuhren wir in das Dorf Borschemisch, das bereits umgesiedelt wurde. Das Dorf war sehr modern und es existierten weder historische Gebäude noch Geschäfte. Es befanden sich nur große Einfamilienhäuser, ein Park, eine Kirche, eine Feuerwehr und ein Kindergarten in dem Dorf.
Danach fuhren wir auch schon wieder zurück zur Schule. Abschließend können wir sagen, dass es eine sehr informative Exkursion war, die uns sehr gut über die Abbaumethoden informiert hat. Außerdem hat sie uns die Vor- sowie auch Nachteile des Braunkohletagebaus näher gebracht.
Celine Witzke (EK GK Herr Simon)
On the 25th of March we started our trip to Garzweiler. At first the tour guide told us some facts about coal in Germany and RWE in general. Lots of information was given to us about the importance of lignite for the German energy supply as well as the dangers caused by it, e.g. the immense CO2 emissions. We were also told that because of the end of lignite in 2038, Germany is deeply in need of alternative forms of energy such as wind power or solar energy.
Afterwards we started our trip through the vast opencast pit and some areas where renaturation has already taken place. On our way through the open-pit mining area we were able to see a bucket-wheel excavator which because of technical damage did not work any more. The largest bucket-wheel excavator existing is 240 metres long and 96 metres high and has a weight of 13,000 tons.
We also learned that lots of people were forced to leave their homes because of the the expansion of the pit, so that new towns were created and abandoned settlements were left behind. But not everything could be taken to those new settlements, e.g. historic monuments such as churches, schools or cemeteries were irrecoverably destroyed, which also left lots of memories behind.
The second part of the trip consisted of making our own experiences within one of these new towns and an already completely abandoned town. We were e.g. told to look for features showing the history of the village or to talk to some inhabitants in order to find out about their mood concerning the situation.
As we went through the small streets of the former town where the people had already left or are supposed to leave their homes soon, we saw lots of closed shops and closed blinds. There was nearly no one in the streets, which made it quite difficult to talk to residents and to find out about their feelings. We assumed that it is quite sad that the city will at some point not exist any more. We do not believe that the money the residents get for their property equals the memories they leave behind. Imagining that the bones of the dead are being carried to the new place seemed quite strange to us.
Afterwards we visited new settlements which were really modern. Actually those were quite uniform and impersonal because of being new and without any flaws. The new towns had lost their old buildings as well as important monuments such as their church. One resident told us that some people are not able to live with their former neighbours any longer because the money they got for their former property is not enough to live there, which is really sad because they are being “cut out of” their former neighbourhood.
We finally came to the conclusion that the end of lignite mining is necessary for our environment, but good solutions need to be found to completely replace coal in our energy supply.
Tabea Ziemke & Stefanie Lehman (EKE NE)